Zika Virus Update


Zika virus disease is mostly transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes.

As there is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available for Zika virus disease, prevention for PID patients as for anyone else is very important.

Whilst the effects of Zika virus in PID patients have not been documented or studied, because of their susceptibility to develop infections and potentially a more severe form of the Zika virus disease, PID patients should take all possible precautions to prevent infection with Zika virus. Whilst immunoglobulin replacement therapy provides protection against a range of infections, it does not guarantee immunity against Zika virus.

IPOPI*  recommend PID patients to avoid whenever possible travelling to Zika virus endemic areas. IPOPI  further recommend that PID patients who have to travel to or live in endemic areas should consult with their doctor to receive personalised recommendations about prevention and protection measures. If travelling to countries or regions where Zika virus or other viruses spread by mosquitoes (ie West Nile Virus, Dengue fever) are prevalent, the general prevention measures described by the WHO vii, CDCviii and ECDCix should be followed. These include but are not limited to:

 Using mosquito-repellents, always following the product label instructions

 Wearing long-sleeves shirts and long pants

 Staying in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.

 Using a mosquito bed net if you are outside and are not able to protect yourself from mosquito bites

 Treating clothing and gear with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated items 

* IPOPI is the Association of national patient organisations dedicated to improving awareness, access to early diagnosis and optimal treatments for primary immunodeficiency (PID) patients worldwide. As such IPOPI acts as the global advocate of the PID patient community in all relevant policy, legislative and regulatory matters. Primary Immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a large group of more than 280 chronic and rare diseases in which the immune system or parts of the immune system do not function correctly.

Please find downloaded  the IPOPI report outlining the virus and how it affects the PID community under the "Meet our Families" tab, under "about PID" --> PID education" ( http://idfnz.org.nz/resources/primary-immune-deficiency/)